Development of Tourism Destinations in Gateway Communities, Northern Tanzania
There is unclear understanding of tourism development beyond the borders of Sub Saharan African countries’ protected areas, thus, uncertain about its potentials and sustainability. This study contributes to the body of knowledge by applying the Tourism Area Life Cycle (TALC) model to evaluate tourism development-path for 36 years in three tourism gateway community-destinations: Burunge, Lake Natron and Loliondo in northern Tanzania. This model has been massively applied worldwide, with exception to Africa and Tanzania in particular. Multi-method technique was employed to collect historical data featuring destination development indicators, followed by assessment of indicators compliance to the model. It was found that all three destinations have experienced exploration, involvement and are currently at the development stage of the model. Improvement of transport services, cultural program enhancement and integrated sustainable tourism development plan are recommended before these destinations move to consolidation stage.